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All you need know about cotton this week.

Textile Raw materials market
The Spot Rate Committee of the Karachi Cotton Association (KCA) decreased the spot rate by Rs 300 per 37.324 kg to Rs20200 per maund. Earlier the spot rates remained stable throughout the week at Rs20500 per 37.324 kg.

The reduction in spot rates depicted the bearish demand in the market. The spinners are agitating for restoration of power and gas subsidy that has been withdrawn by the government. In fact the spinners have threatened to close down mills if regionally competitive energy and power rates are not restored. This has impacted the sales of cotton.

The local cotton market remained bearish and the trading volume was low. The rate of new crop of cotton in Sindh is in between Rs19700 to Rs19800 per 37.324 kg. The rate of Phutti in Sindh ranged between Rs8500 to R 9200 per 40 kg. Cotton rate in Punjab was quoted between Rs20000 to Rs20200 per 37.324 kg and the rate of Phutti is in between Rs 9,000 to Rs 9,200 per 40 kg.

The sales activities were much below normal on Thursday, however, on Wednesday Approximately, 2800 bales of Tando Adam were sold at Rs 20,000 to Rs20400 per 37.324 kg, 800 bales of Shahdad Pur were sold at Rs20100 to Rs20325 per 37.324 kg, 1200 bales of Sanghar were sold at Rs20000 per 37.324 kg, 600 bales of Burewala were sold at Rs20600 to Rs20900 per 37.324 kg, 200 bales of Chichawatni were sold at Rs20500 per 37.324 kg, 200 bales of Khanewal were sold at Rs20700 per 37.324 kg and 200 bales of Sakran were sold at Rs20100 per 37.324 kg.

Elsewhere in the world cotton sales mostly remained subdued. The Bangladeshi spinners’ are reluctant to stock the commodity as both imported and smuggled yarn from India has flooded the market. In Vietnam the spinners mostly dependent on Chinese cotton and after US sanction against cotton used from certain regions of China, they are looking for alternate sources. May be they opt for Australian or US cotton to resume normal production activities.

In the United States the cotton market remained quiet in anticipation of World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) Report. Outside markets settled higher for the week. US exports ales reached year high for the week.

The cotton market was rather quiet this week, with most traders waiting for the release of the WASDE report. The July contract traded in a choppy and two-sided pattern throughout the week but managed to stay in the same trading range present in recent months. The GSCI Index Roll is underway and the flow of positions from July to December is part of the reason the July contract has been pressured. The December contract traded in a much tighter range, and eventually settled next to unchanged for the week. Other big headlines that provided support in the market were the very strong U.S. Export Sales Report and news that India increased the Minimum Support Price. The July futures settled at 84.31 cents per pound, down 211 points for the week. December futures settled at 81.63 cents per pound, up just five points for the week. Total open interest fell 6,903 contracts to 190,372, with most of the decline coming from the July contract.

Although news in outside markets was light this week compared to recent weeks, stock indexes managed to post moderate gains to finish the week. Last Friday’s monthly jobs report showed a surprising increase in hiring for May, with 339,000 jobs added. A bill was signed that lifted the U.S. debt ceiling, preventing the U.S. from defaulting on its debt this week. Crude oil was up early this week, much in part because Saudi Arabia announced a self-imposed production cut after OPEC stated there would be no changes to the cuts it has planned this year. The gains were short-lived and a large drop in crude prices occurred after rumors that Iran could potentially export more crude. U.S. initial jobless claims reached a 19-month high, pressuring the Dollar towards the end of the week. Expectations of an interest rate increase at the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting next week were lowered, which squeezed the Dollar further.

An unexpected marketing year export sales high was reached for the week ending June 1. A net total of 484,400 Upland bales were sold for the 2022/23 crop. This week’s sales to China made last week’s admirable number look small. China was the biggest buyer for the week, with an impressive 384,700 bales booked. This was followed by Pakistan, purchasing 51,600 bales, Turkey with 18,800 bales, Bangladesh with 13,300 bales, and Vietnam with 6,500 bales. Demand for new crop, however, was negligible. A net total of 30,800 bales were sold for the 2023/24 crop year. Shipments stayed strong to keep above the pace needed to meet the export expectations of USDA. Despite the Memorial Day holiday during the reporting period, a total of 317,000 bales were exported for the week. Sales and shipments of Pima were down compared to the week prior. A net total of 2,100 Pima bales were sold and 11,700 bales exported for the week.

The WASDE report came as anticipated by many traders. For the 2022/23 crop year, exports were raised 400,000 bales to 13.0 million bales. This caused ending stocks to decrease 300,000 bales to 3.2 million bales. Production in 2023/24 was raised 1.0 million bales to 16.0 million bales. Exports were also raised 500,000 bales to 14.0 million bales. The changes raised ending stocks 200,000 bales to 3.5 million bales. The changes were anticipated, but the balance sheet for the 2023/24 crop in the U.S. is still tight.

The world side of the balance sheet saw minor changes. For 2022/23, world consumption was lowered 54,000 bales to 109.09 million bales. World ending stocks were raised 26,000 bales to 92.89 million bales. For the 2023/24 crop year, world consumption was raised 77,000 bales to 117.0 million bales. Ending stocks were also raised 51,000 bales to 92.79 million bales.

The USDA reported that 71 percent of the cotton crop has been planted in the United States. Much of the Southwest is lagging from the normal pace. It was not surprising to see that 60 percent of the estimated Texas crop has been planted, which is nine percentage points below the five-year average. Kansas is behind as well, with an estimated 69 percent of the crop planted, which is moderately below the five-year average of 79 percent.

West Texas has continued to receive rain, and while many areas are still considered to be in drought, soil moisture in many areas has improved immensely during the past month. Insurance deadlines have passed in the Panhandle and the High Plains. The recent rains impacted planting in these areas, and we are waiting to see if producers choose to file for prevent plant or grow some type of grain. South Texas received a mix of sun and rain the past week. Temperatures have been warm, which has helped push development of the crop in the area.

With a new WASDE in hand and fresh data to trade on, next week’s focus will shift to wrapping up old crop positions in July before First Notice Day begins on June 24 and the FOMC meeting beginning on Tuesday. Additionally, the Crop Progress and Condition Report, Export Sales Report, and weather forecasts will continue to receive plenty of attention.
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